What are the Causes and Symptoms of TMJ Disorder: Learn About Reasons and Signs of Temporomandibular Joint Disorder

TMJ disorders (or TMJDs) are problems or disorders with the temporomandibular joints. The temporomandibular joints are the joints that connect the lower jaw or mandible to the bone at the side of the head, known as the temporal bone. These joints are exercised each time one chews, talks or yawns. According to the National Institute of Dental and Cranofacial Research, these joints are quite complicated due to “the hinge and sliding motions.”

Here is an introduction to TMJ symptoms and possible causes.

What are TMJ Disorders?

TMJ disorders or syndrome is the name given to the disorders of the temporomandibular joint. According to the National Institute of Dental and Cranofacial Research, these disorders or conditions are usually classified into three categories:

  1. myofascial pain, which is the most common TMJ disorder
  2. internal derangement of the joint
  3. arthritis

Sufferers may have more than one condition at a time. There is the possibility that the condition may exist along with other problems and ailments such as, fibromyalgia, sleep disorders or chronic fatigue syndrome. The majority of the sufferers usually have mild to moderate forms of TMJ disorder.

Causes of Temporomandibular Joint Disorders

The causes of TMJ disorder are not clearly known. According to the Medline Plus Medical Encyclopedia, possible causes include stress, poor posture or diet, bad bite, teeth grinding, lack of sleep as well as fractures, dislocations and congenital structural problems. Sufferers of TMJ may also develop “trigger points” or contracted muscles in the jaw, neck and head areas which could cause aches and pains in these areas as well.

TMJ Symptoms and Signs

Due to the lack of concrete scientific evidence, the list of TMJ symptoms is also a probable one and sufferers may experience one or more of the symptoms at a given time. Here is the list of signs and symptoms associated with temporomandibular joint disorders.

  • earache
  • headache
  • radiating pain in the facial and neck regions
  • pain, tenderness or stiffness in the jaw
  • difficulty in opening or closing the mouth due to misalignment or pain
  • dull ache in the face
  • clicking, popping, grating sounds when opening or closing the mouth

Individuals suffering from TMJ pain or those who suspect having TMJD may need to see a variety of health care professionals, such as a dentist, an ENT and a general physician, for a diagnosis to be complete and thorough. Imaging tests may also be recommended before making a final diagnosis.

Suffering from TMJ pain and its related conditions can be quite troublesome and can make everyday life and work difficult for an individual. Individuals suffering from any of the possible TMJ symptoms should consult a healthcare professional at the earliest.


Postpartum Depression Risk Factors: Personal History of Depressive Disorders and Social Considerations

Postpartum risk factors are well established, although the exact cause of postpartum depression remains under debate. Histories of clinical depression symptoms, including bipolar disorder, can greatly increase a woman’s risk of postpartum depression. Social and family influences are also thought to increase the risk of postpartum depression symptoms.

Previous Postpartum Depression

A history of postpartum depression greatly increases a woman’s risk of depression following future pregnancies. A woman who has a history of postpartum depression (or clinical depression during pregnancy) is 50 to 62 percent more likely to experience postpartum depression with future pregnancies.

Personal History of Clinical Depression

A personal history of depression when not pregnant also increases the risk of postpartum depression. The presence of any type of clinical depression, including major depression and bipolar disorder, increases the risk of postpartum depression by as much as 30 percent. Anxiety disorders, obsessive compulsive disorders and panic disorders also increase the risk of postpartum depression.

Family History and Postpartum Depression

A family history of depression may also increase the risk of postpartum depression, although it’s unclear by how much. A woman with a family member who has a clinical depressive disorder is more likely to experience postpartum depression than a woman with no family history of depression. as might be expected, a family history of postpartum depression increases the risk of PPD more than the presence of other depressive disorders.

Social Risk Factors

A number of social risk factors are suspected to increase the risk of postpartum depression, although proving a correlation between social factors and depression is always difficult. Possible social and personal risk factors suggested for postpartum depression include:

  • uncertainty about pregnancy and motherhood
  • ill health or disability in the newborn
  • lack of childcare support from partner or family
  • lack of social support
  • marital difficulties
  • Superwoman syndrome (trying to be perfect in all of life’s roles).

How much impact social risk factors have on postpartum depression varies widely from woman to woman. In some women, social stressors may be the “tipping point” that triggers postpartum depression, while other women are not adversely affected by the stressor.

Overcoming Postpartum Depression

Some degree of the “baby blues” is common after pregnancy, and often responds well to “home remedies” such as increased family support and relaxation techniques. If symptoms of postpartum depression worsen or persist, a diagnosis of clinical postpartum depression may be in order. Postpartum depression treatments are, generally, very effective tools for overcoming postpartum depression.

What Are the Causes of Diabetes?: The Main Causes and Symptoms of Three Types of Diabetes

Diabetes is a condition that appears to be increasing each year. Its main characteristic is an inability to process sugars in the body, leading to high blood sugar levels and illness. Despite the growing number of people who have this condition, not everyone is aware of the causes of diabetes.

Type 1 Diabetes

There are three types of diabetes. The first is called simple type 1 diabetes. It can also be called “juvenile diabetes” and “insulin-dependent diabetes.” This is the least common type of diabetes, usually striking during childhood. Considered an autoimmune disease, type 1 diabetes is caused by the body attacking the cells of the pancreas. This organ produces the hormone insulin, which is needed to break down sugars in the blood. As the amount of insulin decreases, sugar levels increase can cause serious damage.

Type 2 Diabetes

The most common type of diabetes today is type 2 diabetes. This condition occurs when external factors cause the pancreas to create less insulin, or the body becomes resistant to it’s effects. This condition can strike at any time and is most often linked to obesity and a poor diet. Though type 1 diabetes is incurable, for some losing weight and changing their diet can stop and reverse type 2 diabetes.

Gestational Diabetes

Gestational diabetes strikes women during pregnancy and generally ends as soon as they give birth. Women who face gestational diabetes, however, are at higher risks for type 2 diabetes later in life. For some women, pregnancy hormones can cause a temporary decrease in insulin product or change how the body uses insulin. Blood sugar levels will increase if not treated, causing complications with fetal development and birth.

Symptoms of Diabetes

People who are suffering from diabetes all face similar symptoms to varying degrees. Understanding what the symptoms are can make early diagnosis easier to that treatment can be had sooner. With early treatment, diabetics can reduce the among of damage their bodies suffer.

Increased hunger and thirst, frequent urination, and unexplained weight loss are the most common early signs of diabetes. Fatigue, headaches, and blurred vision are also symptoms of diabetes that many sufferers face. Rarely for some, a loss of consciousness can indicate undiagnosed diabetes.

The causes of diabetes can range from genetic traits passed down to outside factors, such as diet and lifestyle. Understanding the causes can help people make smarter choices to prevent potential diabetes in their lives.

Causes of Renal Failure: Degenerative Conditions Invoke Compromise to Kidneys

Renal failure can be caused by a number of prominent and degenerative precursors, stressors, and diseases.

Renal failure, a physically and biochemically degenerative condition in itself, can be caused by an array of other life-threatening complications and conditions. Its onset may occur suddenly, as typical of acute renal failure or regressively over a period of time (months or years), as customary with chronic renal failure.

Catalysts which bear the potential to trigger a downward spiral in kidney function have been disclosed here (briefly), yet this outline is not all-inclusive.

Severe Dehydration Causes Kidneys Stress

Severe dehydration may be due to poor fluid intake; excessive diarrhea, fever, sweating, and vomiting. Some medications (like diuretics), may also induce excessive fluid loss and thereby invoke undue stress on the kidneys.

Chronic Diabetes is a Major Cause of Renal Failure

Chronic diabetes mellitus, otherwise known as “sugar diabetes” is due to long-term unregulated blood glucose levels. It includes:

  1. Type 1 diabetes
  2. Type 2 diabetes

Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease in which the pancreas’ insulin production is inadequate for the body.

In type 2 diabetes, the pancreas produces adequate insulin for the body but the body is unable to process it.

Acute and Chronic Glomerulonephritis

Glomerulonephritis is a type of kidney disease which results in the occurrence of blood and protein in the urine and a decrease in urine output. This is a disease of the glomeruli capillaries in which they become damaged or inflamed, thus interfering with the kidney’s natural ability to filter and remove excess waste and fluid from the body. A compromised immune system as well as other diseases and unknown causes can give rise to glomerulonephritis. Glomerulonephritis may be detected by urinalysis and confirmed through renal biopsy.

Chronic Hypertension is a Major Cause of Renal Failure

Hypertension (a.k.a. high blood pressure) is a condition in which a person’s systolic pressure and diastolic pressure are above 140 mmHg and 90 mmHg respectively, for prolong periods of time.

Renal Failure From Hypovolemia

Hypovolemia is a condition of low blood volume within the body. It may develop because of severe blood loss (resulting from a tragic accident or injury, etc.) and can bring about a lack of blood supply to the kidneys.

Kidney and Bladder Stones Can Block Urine Flow

Kidney stones and bladder stones are comprised of mineral deposits which precipitate out of urine and form stones. These stones may block and hinder the flow of urine within the urinary tract and could potentially result in obstructive uropathy or reflux nephropathy.

Medications and Renal Failure

Some medications though helpful for other areas of the body, may stress the kidneys causing them harm and toxicosis.

  • Diuretics
  • Regular use of analgesics (aspirin, acetaminophen)
  • Lithium

Multiple Myeloma Incites Renal Failure

Multiple myeloma causes the kidneys to be more susceptible to infection and disease. This condition is often referred to by several other names, such as: cancer of blood plasma cells, cancer of white blood cells, cancer of the immune system or cancer of bone marrow.

Obstructive Uropathy Damages Kidneys

Obstructive uropathy is an obstruction of urine flow from the ureters or the bladder, resulting in damage to the kidneys. This condition may be caused by enlarged prostate (in men), bladder cystocele, tumors and a host of other disorders and chronic diseases found in both men and women.

Defects From Polycystic Kidney Disease (PKD)

Polycystic kidney disease (PKD) is a chromosomal (non-sex type) disease caused by several dominant and recessive genetic defects. PKD is responsible for a variety of kidney defects and deformities.

Prostate Disease May Precede Renal Failure

Prostate disease impedes the healthy production of semen (semi-produced) by the prostate gland found in men. This disease may also lead to renal failure.

Reflux Nephropathy Scars Kidneys

Reflux nephropathy is the unnatural, backward flow of urine into the kidneys. This condition may occur as a result of obstructive uropathy and can cause scarring or other damage to the kidneys.

Renal Toxicity From Rhabdomyolysis

In rhabdomyolysis (a hefty breakdown of muscle tissue), myoglobin (which happens to be toxic to kidneys) is released from the muscle cells as they break down. Rhabdomyolysis may stem from a number of biological, chemical or physical impairments and complications.

Sepsis is a Renal Detriment

Sepsis (a.k.a. blood poisoning) is an infection of the blood stream or other tissues in the body. It is caused by an unhealthy accumulation of pathogens or other toxins in the body. This condition is an absolute detriment to the kidneys.

It’s apparent that the catalysts which trigger renal failure are abundant and can occur simultaneously or even be intertwined. Diabetes and high blood pressure have become infamous for being the leading, known causes of reduced kidney function and ultimately, renal failure. It is important however, to remain conscious of the other varied agents which have harmful and toxicological effects on the kidneys.


This article is intended for informational purposes only. It does not take the place of a doctor’s advice. Before making decisions regarding your health, seek the consultation of a well-trained, medical professional.